Kincraig Point, Elie
Parachute Exercises

Some accounts say that actual parachute jumps were done by the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade (1 Samodzielna Brygada Spadochronowa) only in Ringway.

However, photos exists showing the parachute jumps being done over Kincraig Point, Elie on Sundays (i.e these photos are not the initial exercise that was done at Kincraig Point, but rather routine jumps done weekly)

1IPPB On Exercises - Karta 2187© ©Karta

Physical training as such ceased at circa Ringway circa 1941 and was instead carried out at Largo House in preparation of the actual jump.

Weapons Training

Every member of the Brigade was a weapons encyclopedia and would know allied and enemy heavy artillery and weapons.

1IPPB On Exercises 02 - National Digital Archive© Karta

He was also a trained engineer for destruction purposes and was able to use all types of armoured vehicles. He would also be a perfect map reader and trained in Commando tactics.