The 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade

(1 Samodzielna Brygada Spadochronowa)

The MOD Requisition
Largo House In 1940

The days of a grand family home, flower shows, fox hunts and the Largo greens being opened to the public were now a thing of the past. The Durhams had abandoned the family home due to the high taxes heaped upon them for living there, and for a while the house was vacant.

Largo House Pre-1940©
Largo House Pre-1940

In 1940 the MOD became a tenant of Largo House in Fife.

Presumably, it was requisitioned without any financial incentive being paid to the owners.

We have good reason to believe this photo above was taken in 1939 prior to the MOD taking ownership but after the Durhams had vacated it, thus the sheep from a neighboring farm are within its gardens and grounds.

During World War 2, the army was given powers by the government to requisition and take over almost any building, even castles,  that would have served war purposes.

Largo House After Requisitioning By The MOD

Largo House 01 - Polish Soldiers On Steps - Web©

This is one of the very few photos in existence of the entire front of Largo House whilst the Polish Soldiers were stationed there.

Although predominantly it was Polish soldiers who were at Largo House from 1941 onwards, others came along for training too such as the French, Norwegians, Belgians, Dutch and Czechs.

Note the long grass in the photo. Many other photos show short, well maintained grass on which training was performed. Was this photo prior to the training i.e in 1941 shortly after the MOD took up residence there? I think so!

As Largo House went active in June 1941 and is sometimes referred to as the HQ of 4th Polish Cadre Rifle Brigade it's almost certain that Largo House and also the parachute tower were initially designated for The 4th Polish Cadre Rifle Brigade .

Largo House circa 1941
Largo House circa 1941

Later on, following General Sosabowski's renaming of the unit to "The 1st Independent Parachute Brigade", Largo House came to be known as the HQ of The 1st Independent Parachute Brigade.

Around about the time that the 4th Polish Cadre Rifle Brigade was liquidated and then renamed to the "1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade" it was decided that Largo House would become a "Pre-Training Center" consisting of:

  • 2 weeks physical training
  • Parachute training by jumping from the parachute tower at Lundin Links.

Those that did not pass pre-training had to stay at Largo House until they did pass. After pre-training at Largo House, the Polish paratroopers went to RAF Ringway for actual parachute jumps from aeroplanes.

Largo House Entry Gates

At  the entrance of Largo House were grand gates (still there) with a Polish eagle on each pillar.

At the entrance was a sign that said "If you are looking for death please come in for a while". Although the sign is long gone, the pillars, with one eagle, still remain.

IMG_20180202_102121 - crop

However due to the splitting of title deeds, the gatehouse now has the sole use of these entry gates, the original road to Largo House now buried under a field.

A Trainee's First Experience At Largo House

Inside Largo House was the commandant's office, dining room and instructor rooms.

General Anders inspecting troops outside Largo House. Note the French soldier.© Zolnierze Na Zachodzie
General Anders inspecting troops outside Largo House. Note the French soldier.

A new recruit would typically enter the house, go upstairs to the commanders room and be interviewed. He would be told he would have a medical the following day and was then to immediately report to "Monkey Grove".

A Religious Room Within Largo House?

When Largo House was being used by the Polish troops, they had mass on a sunday. According to the book "Lata Zanikajacej Nadziei" by former parachuter Zbigniew S Siemaszko, on page 122 he refers to mass being held in the first room on the left on the ground floor.

Interestingly, Zbigniew hated Largo House and refers to the pain of all the exercises they did in Malpy Gaj. He returned in the 1980s to take another look at it though!

The Market Garden At Largo House

To the side of Largo House, directly in front of Sir Andrew Woods Tower, is a former orchard. The stones steps into it still exist but the orchard is totally overgrown. Right beside that is a a paddock that currently cows graze in.

Outside a building at the Market Garden At Largo House©
Outside a building at the Market Garden At Largo House

But "back in the day" this was a market garden, there was an extensive (prize winning) vegetable allotment here, with the vegetables being sold in the local market. In this market garden were Anderson shelter type structures that can be seen in the following photos taken in between 1941-1943.

In the grounds of Largo House. The "Market Garden" in the background.©
In the grounds of Largo House. The "Market Garden" in the background.

I often wonder if this is where "Operation Market Garden" got it's name?